Europe's rarest woodpecker is probably the White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos. It is largely absent from Western Europe (small numbers of the lilfordi race survive in the Spanish and French Pyrenees and the Appenines in Italy). It has declined badly in much of Scandinavia, but does seem to be doing quite well in Central and Eastern Europe. Lack of suitable, old, unmanaged forest and unfriendly forestry practises are the main causes of its demise in the west. It is a food specialist, mainly taking the larvae of wood-boring beetles from dead or dying trees and rotting timber. This is an adult male of the nominate race, taken recently in the Bukk Hills, Hungary, by Gerard Gorman.
is dedicated to the 10 species of woodpecker (Picidae) that breed in Europe: 9 resident species and the migratory Wryneck. 8 of these 10 also occur outside Europe, with the distribution of Eurasian Three-toed, White-backed, Lesser Spotted, Great Spotted, Black & Grey-headed Woodpeckers stretching eastwards from the Western Palearctic into Asia, whilst Syrian is found in the Middle East & Asia Minor & Wryneck winters in Africa. The global ranges of Green & Middle Spotted Woodpeckers are confined to the Western Palearctic.
I welcome comments, suggestions, photographs, video clips and will credit items used. My aim is to create a non-commercial source for all lovers of the European Picidae. Sincere thanks are due to ALL who have contributed their photos and clips to this blog.
PLEASE ACKNOWLEDGE & REFERENCE INFORMATION TAKEN FROM THIS SITE !
Gerard Gorman: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Black Woodpecker - a monograph on Dryocopus martius
Gerard Gorman is author of this book, published in 2011 by Lynx Edicions
Woodpeckers of Europe - A Study of the European Picidae
Gerard Gorman is author of this handbook, published in 2004 by Bruce Coleman, UK (ISBN 1 872842 05 4)